Dog people and cat people have long argued about which species is more intelligent. Scientists from Vanderbilt University believe that their latest research may settle the matter once and for all.
They compared the number of cortical neurons – the “little gray cells” associated with thinking, planning and complex behavior – in the brains of several carnivores. When it came to dogs and cats, the pups won in a landslide!
Their cortical neuron count was found to be more than double that of their feline counterparts. Humans have about 16 billion of these cells in their brains; dogs have about 530 million; and cats have 250 million.
“I believe the absolute number of neurons an animal has, especially in the cerebral cortex, determines the richness of their internal mental state and their ability to predict what is about to happen in their environment based on past experience,” Suzana Herculano-Houzel, the study’s lead author said.
Herculano-Houzel is an associate professor of psychology and biological sciences at Vanderbilt University. She developed the method of accurately measuring the number of neurons in the animals’ brains.
The researchers also analyzed the neuronal content of several other species’ brains including bears, hyenas, and lions. Studying these animals helped to prove that the number of cortical neurons is not simply higher in animals with larger brains.
Bears, for example, have about the same number of neurons as cats despite the fact that their brains are about ten times larger.
“Diversity is enormous,” Herculano-Houzel said. “Not every species is made the same way. Yes, there are recognizable patterns, but there are multiple ways that nature has found of putting brains together. And we’re trying to figure out what difference that makes.”
Learn more about the Vanderbilt study here.
H/T to Phys.org
>After 24 hours, give your dog small amounts of water all throughout the day (not a full water bowl that your dog can lap freely from, though).
You can also try rice water. Boil high-quality rice in a lot of water, remove the grains, and offer the dog the creamy white soup that’s left. A splash of broth or a bit baby food will make it more palatable. Source
And instead of your dog’s usual food, give your dog small servings of a bland diet 4 to 5 times throughout the day.
Some options to choose from:
- cooked white rice (no butter or flavorings)
- cottage cheese (no liquid)
- boiled chicken (no grease, no skin, no flavorings)
- boiled turkey (no grease, no skin, no flavorings)
- scrambled egg (no butter or oil)
- boiled egg (no butter or oil)
- boiled potato (no skin or flavorings)
- baked potato (no skin or flavorings)
This is my all-time favorite home remedy for dog diarrhea. It has consistently worked the best for my dog.
#3 – Continue to feed your dog the bland diet for the next 3 to 4 days.
The idea is to gradually increase how much food you’re giving your dog until a formed stool is passed.
So do this:
- Continue to feed several small servings of this bland diet for a few days.
- Let your dog drink freely from his water bowl again.
- Start to wean your dog back to his regular food over the course of a week by gradually working in small amounts of his regular dry dog food.
#4 – Monitor everything your dog eats.
Do not give your dog any bones, snacks, or table scraps during this time — because they can further irritate your dog’s intestinal tract, which is already overly sensitive.
Once the diarrhea has passed, you can go back to feeding your dog whatever you fed him before.
#5 – Consider OTC medications to speed up the process.
If you want to try to speed up the process, there are a handful of meds that help with dog diarrhea…
Diarrice is an all natural probiotic that was developed by a veterinarian to help with the discomfort and symptoms diarrhea in dogs. It works practically overnight – even for puppies, too!
Dogs can be given a dose of Pepto Bismol every 6 hours in the following dosage:
The typical dose administered to dogs is 0.5 to 1.5 ml per pound per day (1 to 3 ml/kg/day). The total daily dose should be divided into 2 to 4 doses. This amounts to approximately 2 teaspoons (10 ml total) per 10 pounds per day, ideally split between 2 to 4 doses. Source
Bonus: the Pepto Bismol also works to stop dog vomiting!
Two other over-the-counter medicines can be given to dogs with diarrhea: Imodium or Kaopectate in the following dosage:
Dogs can have 0.05-0.1 mg/pound by mouth every 8 hours. Treatment should only be needed for 1-2 days. If diarrhea persists or worsens, contact your veterinarian. Source
Please heed this word of warning before you give any human medications to your pet.
The bottom line is if your dog has had runny poop or loose stools for more than 48 hours, then you should take your dog to the vet — otherwise your dog will become dehydrated and weak and the vet bills will be significantly higher.
Here’s some advice on when your dog needs to go to the vet — and what to do if your dog has diarrhea for more than 48 hours.